Hypothyroidism can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, fatigue, muscle and joint pain
Perhaps one of the most prevalent endocrine problems globally are thyroid disorders. India is also not an exception. It is estimated that about 42 million people in India have thyroid disorders, which include hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter/iodine deficiency disorders, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and thyroid cancer. The most common thyroid disorder in India is hypothyroidism, affecting one in ten adults.
“The simplicity of diagnosis, accessibility of medical care, and relative visibility of thyroid enlargement sets thyroid problems apart from other illnesses. The cornerstone of management continues to be early diagnosis and adequate treatment,” says Dr. Subhramanian Kannan, Consultant Diabetes and Endocrinology, NH Health City, Bangalore.
Know what is thyroid first
The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck which produces hormones that influence every cell, tissue and organ in the body; therefore, thyroid health is extremely important. Thyroid hormones play vital roles in growth, neuronal development, reproduction and regulation of energy metabolism. Resultantly, thyroid hormone disorders significantly impact a person’s well-being and quality of life and hence deficiency or excess thyroid hormone can trigger a range of health complications.
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism: Causes and symptoms
Thyroid disorders can be broadly categorized into two types: hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient hormones, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, and depression. On the contrary, hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormone, leading to symptoms such as weight loss, nervousness, and increased heart rate.
Early detection, particularly in cases of severe hypothyroidism and early hyperthyroidism can lead to better treatment outcomes and effective management of the condition. But correct detection, diagnosis, and treatment is important.
Women at a higher risk of thyroid disorders
In India, thyroid disorders are prevalent, and women are more likely to develop thyroid disorders than men, with nearly 1 in 10 Indian women estimated to develop a thyroid disorder before the age of 60.
Hypothyroidism can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, fatigue, muscle and joint pain and in severe conditions cause fluid accumulation around the heart and lungs and finally result in lowering of body temperature and coma. Hyperthyroid state can lead to weaking of bones and irregular heartbeat. This can sometimes lead to stroke/paralysis.
Treatment of thyroid disorders
The thyroid conditions can be treated effectively through medication, nuclear medicine therapies, surgery in select cases.
World Thyroid Day
World Thyroid Day is observed on the 25th of May every year, which focuses on increasing awareness of thyroid health and educating about prevention and the treatment of the prevailing thyroid disorders among people. World Thyroid Day serves as an annual reminder of the need to promote awareness, increase understanding, and encourage people to take charge of their health by staying more vigilant, getting regular check-ups and seeking medical advice if they experience any concerning symptoms.
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- Thyroid disorders in Indian women
- Prevalence of thyroid disorders in India
- Risk factors for thyroid disorders in women
- Symptoms of thyroid disorders in females
- Management of thyroid disorders in Indian women
News Source : Longjam Dineshwori
Source Link :Nearly 1 In 10 Indian Women Develop A Thyroid Disorder Before The Age Of 60/